Verifying Compiler Transformations for Concurrent Programs

Verifying Compiler Transformations for Concurrent Programs. Sebastian Burckhardt, Madanlal Musuvathi, Vasu singh.

ompilers transform programs, either to optimize performance or to translate language-level constructs into hardware primitives. For concurrent programs, ensuring that a transformation preserves the semantics of the input program can be challenging. In particular, the emitted code must correctly emulate the semantics of the language-level memory model when running on hardware with a relaxed memory model. In this paper, we present a novel proof methodology for proving the soundness of compiler transformations for concurrent programs. Our methodology is based on a new formalization of memory models as dynamic rewrite rules on event streams. We implement our proof methodology in a first-of-its-kind semi-automated tool called Traver to verify or falsify compiler transformations. Using Traver, we prove or refute the soundness of several commonly used compiler transformations for various memory models. In this process, we find subtle bugs in the CLR JIT compiler and in the JSR-133 Java JIT compiler recommendations.

The goal is to reason about the effects that different memory models may have on the validity of transformations. Program execution is modeled as an event stream, with the memory model being able to alter the event stream by swapping or eliminating events. Each concurrent execution thread produces a separate event stream. The event stream produced by the execution of the concurrent program is the (possibly altered) result of merging the event streams of each component. The validity of transformation can thus be proved relative to a specific memory model (i.e., a set of stream rewrite rules).

Traver lives here.

Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.


As usual, lovely paper, can't find the code.