Visual Basic and LINQ
Over the last couple of months, both my existence and my judgments have been questioned several times on my favorite programming languages waterhole :-)
In the mean time, I was busily working with the SQL, XML, C# and the Visual Basic teams on language integrated query, or as it is now called project LINQ. In particular since early this year I am collaborating with Amanda Silver, Paul Vick, and Rob Copeland and Alan Griver on what has become my programming language of choice Visual Basic.
If you look closely at the new features introduced to C# and Visual Basic in the context of LINQ, you will recognize many familiar concepts that are regularly discussed on LTU ranging from monads, to meta-programming, lambda expressions, XML programming, to the relationship between static and dynamic typing.
The LINQ project consists of a base pattern of query operators (compare to the monad primitives) such as Select (map), SelectMany (concatMap), Where (filter), OrderBy (sort), and GroupBy (groupBy) on top of which Visual Basic and C# define query comprehensions (compare to monad comprehensions) that Â facilitate querying objects, relational data and XML. The C# syntax for query comprehensions is similar to FLWOR expressions, while the Visual Basic syntax stays close to SQL including aggregation.
In addition to the language extensions and base operators, LINQ provides two supplementary domain-specific APIs namely DLinq (compare to HaskellDB) for SQL relational data access, and XLinq (compare to HaXml) for XML hierarchical data access. Besides query comprehensions, Visual Basic provides deep XML integration with XML literals and XML late binding on top of XLinq (compare to Haskell Server Pages, XMl, Comega).
Both Visual Basic and C# have added several additional language extensions in support of LINQ, including local type inference (the type of local variable declarations are inferred from their initializers), lambda expressions (with type inference), local functions, anonymous types, object initializers, extension methods (static methods that can be called using instance method syntax), and meta-programming via expression trees (compare to type-based quote and quasi-quote).
Visual Basic adds some further enhancements to leverage the fact that it allows static typing where possible and dynamic typing where necessary in the form of relaxed delegates, improved nullable support, dynamic identifiers (makes writing meta-circular interpreters a breeze) and last but not least dynamic interfaces, or as I like to refer to them strong duck typing (compare to simplified qualified types/type classes).
LINQ general website: http://msdn.microsoft.com/netframework/future/linq/
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